Knowing your rights may make a big difference during a Florida traffic stop. While law enforcement officers need to have a warrant before they may enter and search your home without your consent, this is not the case when it comes to searching your vehicle.
Per FlexYourRights.org, authorities may be able to conduct a search of your vehicle without your consent, and without a warrant, if they have something called probable cause.
Understanding probable cause
Any number of circumstances may give authorities probable cause and a legal right to search your vehicle. However, they may not do so simply because they have a feeling or suspicion that illegal activity is taking place. Instead, they must have some type of evidence that shows them as much to have probable cause. For example, if a law enforcement officer sees stolen property or certain controlled substances in plain sight, this may give him or her probable cause to search the rest of the car.
Understanding what happens in the absence of probable cause
Authorities need your consent, a warrant or probable cause to search your car. In the absence of all three, you do not have to allow a search of your vehicle to take place. When exercising this right, make sure you have the law enforcement officer’s attention and state your decision to refuse a search request firmly and politely.
Unless authorities detain or arrest you, you may ask if you are free to leave the scene at any time. Staying cordial while making this request and otherwise interacting with authorities may help you avoid unnecessary legal trouble.